Prince Albert Nutritionist - Nutritional diseases are conditions in human beings that are indirectly or directly caused by deficiency in essential nutrients in the food intake. These sicknesses are usually linked with chronic malnutrition. Conditions such as obesity because of overeating can likewise significantly contribute to serious health problems. Acute poisoning can be caused by an excessive intake of some nutrients.
When people consume too many calories in relation to the amount of exercise being performed, those individuals might be more at risk for obesity because of a distorted energy balance. This may also cause various health problems including cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Obesity could lead to various health problems and an increased mortality.
One of the significant factors in obesity is the generally affordable low-cost food that is existing to the poor in rich nations. These fast foods are high in fats, low in nutritional value and high in additives and sugars. Within wealthy nations, obesity is usually regarded as a sign of poverty and malnutrition. On the other hand, in poorer countries, obesity is normally associated with good nutrition and wealth. Other reasons of obesity include: heredity, sleep deprivation, lack of exercise and stress. Too much eating can likewise be a sign of an eating disorder, like Bulimia.
When consuming Goitrogenic foods, there is a risk of developing goitres which are caused by a low uptake of iodine within the body.
Vitamins and Micronutrients
When the body experiences overly high storage vitamin levels, vitamin poisoning can take place causing toxic symptoms. The different names of the conditions would be derived from the name of the vitamin involved. For example, hypervitaminosis A refers to an excess of vitamin A within the body. Iron overload disorders are sicknesses that occur because of too much iron within the body and the inability for this nutrient to exit, thus leading to a dangerous build up. Haemochromotosis is an example and the organs that can be affected include the endocrine glands, the heart and the liver.
Severe health conditions can occur when nutrients are not available to the system. Like for example, deficiencies in fats, carbohydrates and proteins can result in protein energy malnutrition referred to as Kwashiorkor disease. Marasmus and mental retardation can also result. When minerals and vitamins are restricted from the diet to poor nutrition, conditions like Calcium Deficiency, Rickets, Goitre or Iodine deficiency, Beriberi, Tetany, Selenium deficiency, Anaemia or Iron deficiency and Zinc Growth Retardation among others can take place.
Click to Download the pdf