Dermatology Prince Albert - A skin rash is defined as a change of the skin which affects its appearance, texture or color. Rashes can be localized in one area of the body or they could affect the whole skin. Typically, rashes may cause the skin to itch, become dry, bumpy, cracked, painful, blistered, swollen or warm. Often, rashes can cause the skin to change color. The causes and treatments for rashes vary considerably depending on the diagnosis. The diagnosis is formed by taking into account a variety of factors like for example the rashes' overall appearance, what the patient's job is, family history, what the patient may have been exposed to and other symptoms. The diagnosis could in fact confirm whichever number of health problems.
Having a rash appear anywhere on the body could indicate associated symptoms and signs that are common of particular diseases. Like for example, the rash in measles is known as an erythematous, morbilliform, maculopapular rash. This typically presents itself a few days after the fever starts and naturally it presents at the head and then works its way downwards.
There are numerous common causes of rashes like for example: food allergies, anxiety, dyes, medicines and insect bites and stings. The metals zinc and metal are commonly found in jewelry and are usually known allergens also. Skin contact with an irritant usually leads to hives. These raised portions of skin could become red, inflamed, itchy, painful and swollen. Rashes can likewise result from a reaction to vaccination, from a fungal infection such as ringworm, from sunburn or heat exposure, from friction because of chafing of the skin, and from skin diseases like acne or eczema.
A skin rash may also become present due to a bacterial or viral infection. Like for instance, the viruses which result in chickenpox, smallpox, measles and cold sores could be uncomfortable and distinct. There are several uncommon causes of rashes like for example: lead poisoning, Lyme disease, pregnancy, autoimmune disorders like for instance psoriasis and of course repeated and frequent scratching on a particular spot.
As there are lots of potential causes of a rash, the evaluation may be quite difficult. A health provider may have to do a completely thorough history so as to obtain an accurate evaluation. Like for example, what is the individual's job? Are they taking any kind of medication on a regular basis? Has the patient recently traveled to whichever exotic locations? Normally, a complete physical examination will help to determine the origin and cause of the rash.
Specific Elements to Include in the Examination Are:
The appearance of the rash, for instance, is it sandpaper and fine as found with scarlet fever, is it purpuric, which is typical for vasculitis and meningococcal disease? Is the rash consisting of plaques with silver scales that is often seen with psoriasis? Or does the rash consist of circular lesions with a central depression, that is usual of molluscum contagiosum or small pox?
How is the rash distributed on the body? With chickenpox, for example, the vesicles will follow the hollows of the body. They are thus more prominent in the hollows of both shoulder blades as well as on the depression of the spine on the back. The rash presented with scarlet fever becomes confluent and forms bright red lines in the skin creases of the neck, armpits and groins. These lines are called Pastia's lines. There are not many rashes which affect the palms of the hands or the soles of the feet, however this can be seen in spotted fevers or rikettsia, secondary syphilis, mouth, hand and foot disease as well as guttate psoriasis and even in kertoderma blenorrhagica. The symmetry of the rash is one more feature to consider. Like for instance, herpes zoster often just affects one side of the body during an outbreak and does not cross the midline.
It is generally good advice never to scratch a rash, because whatever scratching may cause it to spread. It can be tempting to gently rub the affected area in order to provide temporary relief but it is better to avoid contact with the affected parts completely.
Skin diseases could present indications anywhere on the body. Some of the prevalent forms include Acne Vulgaris which consists of nodules, papules, pustules, comedones. This particular condition is usually found on the back, chest and on the face. Acne Rosacea is defined as an area of flushed appearance or redness, normally found on the chin, nose, cheeks or forehead. Boils are a skin condition that could take place anywhere as a red painful bump or a cluster or series of painful red bumps. Cellulitis can be found around a skin breach like for instance in a cut or scrape. It presents as a swollen, red and tender area of skin. Insect bites can happen anywhere on the body and are found as itchy and red, usually swollen bumps on the skin.
After being exposed to or ingesting some drugs, medicines or foods, allergic reactions could visibly appear on the skin. They appear as raised, flat or irregular red sores. Hives could appear anywhere on the body. These are bumps which form suddenly and are often initially noticed on the face. Seborrheic Dermatitis is the definition of bumps and swelling which appear near glands. Cradle Cap is a condition on the scalp of recently new born babies that looks like scaly, dry skin. Irritant Contact Dermatitis is one more condition which becomes a red, scaly or itchy or oily rash. It could be found on the eyebrows, edge of the scalp, nose or where the body is in contact with perfume, jewelry or clothing.
Some trees and bushes like for instance poison ivy, oak and sumac could elicit an allergic response known as Allergic Contact Dermatitis. It presents on the patient as red, scaly, oily or itchy rash that could be leathery or weeping. Allergic Purpura could occur anywhere on the body and looks like small red dots on the skin or even larger, bruise-like spots that appeared after taking medicine. Pityriasis Rosea could initially start with a single scaly, red, somewhat itchy spot. In a few days, there may be large numbers of smaller patches of red or tan rash. This is found on the chest and abdomen part. Dermatitis Herpetiformis is a condition that consists of an extremely itchy rash together with red bumps and blisters, found on the elbows, buttocks, knees or back.
Other common kinds of rashes include: warts, Erythema nodosum, Chickenpox, Psoriasis, Fifth Disease, Shingles, Ringworm, diaper rash, yeast infection, Jock itch, Impetigo, Tinea versicolor, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Scabies, Lupus erythematosus, and a lot more.
Depending upon the type of rash the individual has, there are various treatment options obtainable. Lots of skin rashes could be cured using non-steroidal treatments like salves made with sage, aloe vera, comfrey or tea tree oil. Other topical steroid creams like hydrocortisone are prescribed. Different medications could be found over the counter and some can be specially blended from a Naturopathic doctor or Herbalist.
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